The latest scientific view is that human beings first evolved from earlier primates more than 200,000 years ago in Africa. Since then we have spread over the whole world. The state first appeared in a few places on the globe about 6,000 years ago. Before that, and continuing in many parts of the world up until recent times, there was a very long period of human development known to Marxists as primitive communism, where people existed without private property or the governments and laws that protect propertied classes. They lived in small groups and shared what little they had. This period is described as primitive because modern technology and science did not exist, and communist because there were no economic classes.
As techniques improved, the eventual accumulation of surpluses lent itself to the development of classes. The development of classes lent itself to class conflict. The privileged classes sought to secure their rule permanently and developed state-like structures with laws protecting the ownership of property and armed organizations to enforce those laws. In today’s world of multi-billionaires and paupers, where there are huge standing armies and police agencies, the state has grown to grotesque proportions.
Once this parasitic and outmoded ruling class has been defeated, the technology available even now will have laid the basis for society to start transitioning through the stages of social- ism until it reaches a modern form of communism, based on abundance instead of scarcity. The science of Marxism predicts that as the capitalist states are permanently defeated worldwide and revolutionary workers’ states replace them and take up the task of building socialism, the very existence of the state will become unnecessary and the state will start to wither away.
At this point human beings will live in a stateless society without classes, but with the advantages of modern science and technology. This is communism, the final goal of Marxist-Leninists. Communists fight for a world without poverty, racism, sexism, homophobia or exploitation of any kind. Revolutionaries will continue to press harder and harder until this final goal is achieved and a world without oppression is the order of the day.