Southern workers gather to build Workers Assembly movement

This article was originally published May 5 by the Southern Workers Assembly.  Go to for more on SWA organizing.

Southern Workers Assembly School, April 29-May 1, Durham, North Carolina.  Credit: SWA

Under the slogan “Build the Workers Assembly Movement! Organize the South!” nearly 80 workers from eight Southern states gathered in Durham, North Carolina, for a Southern Workers Assembly Organizing School over the weekend of April 29 to May 1. Workers came to the School from Atlanta; New Orleans; Charleston, South Carolina; Richmond and Tidewater, Virginia; Charlotte, Raleigh, Durham, Asheville and Eastern North Carolina; northern Kentucky; and elsewhere.

Over the last year, the network of areas building Workers Assemblies across the South has grown substantially to include nine different cities, the development of several industry-based councils — including Amazon, health care and education workers — and interest in developing assemblies in additional locations as well. 

The gathering in Durham was an effort to consolidate this growth, and draw lessons from these experiences to inform the methodology of building Workers Assemblies to organize the unorganized, to develop worker cadre and to collectively chart a course for our work going forward. 

Workers who participated in the SWA School came from a wide range of different sectors, including strong participation from Amazon workers, domestic, health care, education, local municipal, manufacturing, meatpacking and service industry workers. A major emphasis of the School was building Black worker leadership.

In his opening orientation, Ajamu Dillahunt, member of the Southern Workers Assembly Coordinating Committee and a leader of Black Workers for Justice, noted: “We have to take advantage of this moment. As the Black Panther Party said in the 1960s, we have to “Seize the Time” and build a rank and file-led social movement unionism that organizes workplace committees connected to each through Workers Assemblies in multiple Southern cities.”

A Southern Workers political program

A main focus of the meeting was engaging the rank-and-file base of the assemblies in a discussion of a draft political program that could be the basis of broad unity and collective action in the months ahead. This program would help workers see their workplace fights within a broader social movement struggle for power and justice. 

In breakout groups, workers discussed their priorities for wages, benefits, housing, education, racism, gender oppression, labor rights, the environment, immigration, war and voting rights, in order to contribute toward the development of such a program. There was a high level of unity around expanding labor union rights, including ending right-to-work (for less) laws, overturning bans on collective bargaining and making union busting and captive audience meetings illegal. 

During May Day weekend, SWA breakout groups planned an organizing campaign.  Credit: SWA

From there, workers discussed plans to develop a unifying campaign that the various assemblies can implement to engage co-workers and leaflet other large workplaces across the South with these political demands. The hope is to develop a broad consciousness that we, as workers, have common needs and interests distinct from the owning class and to engage wide layers of our class in ongoing and escalating activity to open a public struggle for power. 

The first stage of this campaign will lead up to the midterm elections in 2022, which will be an important battleground for the working class to raise its demands with employers and the politicians running for our votes. 

Building Workers Assemblies, leaflet brigades and industry councils

There was a great deal of discussion throughout the weekend on the methodology of building Workers Assemblies, beginning first with small group discussions on the “Ten Building Blocks to Building a Workers Assembly.” These discussions offered a venue for workers at varying levels to develop their local assemblies to exchange and offer lessons from their experiences. (Information at

One of the core tasks of the local Workers Assemblies is to identify workers and supporters who can establish a leaflet brigade, with the goal of leafleting at major workplaces in their area to agitate and make contacts with worker-activists. 

Leaflet brigades that consistently and regularly engage workers from major workplaces in their geographic areas have proven to be a critical component in the developing Workers Assemblies, and some of those experiences were shared during the SWA School. 

One particularly valuable lesson in the role of these brigades came from the Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina, area. Last year, in the midst of the Bessemer, Alabama, Amazon union election, brigades consistently leafletted the Amazon RDU1 Fulfillment Center, RDU5 Sortation Center and the DRT1 Delivery station. This led to the formation of CAUSE (Carolina Amazonians United for Solidarity and Empowerment), an organization of rank-and-file Amazon workers across the area that was recently publicly announced. 

“These are exciting times for the labor movement in the Triangle and Charlotte for Amazon employees and CAUSE members,” said Rev. Ryan Brown, an RDU1 worker and leader of CAUSE. “The support that we’ve received from our co-workers and the Southern Workers Assembly has been overwhelmingly encouraging in our leaflet brigades and petition campaign. Amazon employees at CLT2, DRT1, RDU1 and RDU5 are anticipating much needed changes in our low wages and our grueling working conditions at their respective locations through CAUSE efforts.”

In the months since the initial brigade work at these locations, over 600 Amazon workers at these three warehouses have signed up for more information. A handful of work stoppages have also occurred in this time frame, with workers taking action responding to the leaflets, including about 50 third-shift workers who walked off the job in mid-March, followed by the day shift being shut down the following day when management convened an all-worker meeting to hear from workers. Later, workers also refused to go back to work when celebrating the exit of a beloved co-worker. 

These and other experiences were shared during a session of the Southern Workers Assembly’s Amazon Council that convened during the School, where Amazon workers from several Southern states shared reports on the organizing in their facilities, their efforts to engage other Amazon workers in their areas through leafleting brigades and other assembly work and took up a discussion of deepening their coordination around raising demands and taking workplace actions. Another point during this discussion was how to connect Amazon workers into networks with workers organizing in different cities across the South.

“In New Orleans, we’re bringing together hospitality workers, film and television workers, Amazon workers and teachers to form a local Workers Assembly,” Meg Maloney, an Amazon worker, shared during the session. “We’re training together, learning about our right to concerted activity and workplace organizing, sharing our experiences and learning from one another in the struggle. We’re stronger when we’re united in our workplaces and communities. Together we will win!”

By the end of the weekend, workers met in groups of local areas to discuss their efforts to build local Worker Assemblies and lay out immediate next steps based on discussions throughout the weekend. Workers identified major employers in their area and mapped out plans to continue supporting workplace committees, connected to a social movement framework to draw in more workers to our movement.

Deepening and expanding work to ‘Organize the South!’

In the weeks ahead, workers who participated in the SWA School and the local Workers Assemblies will continue discussion to finalize the Southern Workers Program and a plan for action for the remainder of 2022.

A particularly exciting outcome from the School was the establishment of new relationships with areas interested in building local Workers Assemblies. There was a strong delegation of educator activists from Richmond, Virginia, who had recently won the first-ever local government union certification election for collective bargaining in their state. Members of the Richmond Education Association and the Virginia Caucus of Rank-and-File Educators (VCORE) shared lessons about building rank-and-file worker engagement in the fight for the school board to recognize their union. 

“We not only won back our right to collectively bargain but won our union election with a 99% ‘yes’ vote. And we did all this by revamping our union’s workplace organization, by training a new layer of union worksite leaders and by agitating for a democratic, worker-led union with a class-struggle orientation,” said Patrick Korte, a Richmond teacher and member of Richmond Education Association

and VCORE. “We have encouraged our union to adopt a classwide perspective by practicing solidarity with striking Nabisco workers, with Starbucks workers struggling to unionize and with all public sector workers fighting to win collective bargaining rights.”

By every measure, the SWA School was a qualitative step forward in the development of Workers Assemblies as the infrastructure to anchor a rank and file-led, independent workers’ movement that can organize the South.

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