France anti-labor law: A summer pause, but struggle will resume
It didn’t take long to pass the new labor law in France once it came back to the National Assembly from the Senate. As soon as the July 5 session started to consider the bill, Prime Minister Manuel Valls took the floor and declared it passed, using some wrinkles in the French Constitution that allow the government to avoid a vote.
Valls expected to lose a vote on the bill itself, but the majority that would have rejected the new labor law didn’t have enough votes to block his move. The law is set to be fully implemented in August, when some enabling regulations are adopted.
The coalition of unions leading the opposition to this law, which has organized 11 national demonstrations and one-day strikes since March, had another day of protest on July 5 to mark passage of the law and call for its repeal.
The cops did everything in their power to limit participation in the Paris march, from doing body searches of retirees three times to exercising police powers under the current state of emergency to keep named individuals from participating. Still, according to the CGT, the biggest labor confederation, 45,000 protesters came out in Paris and about 100,000 nationwide.
At a meeting held in Paris on July 7 that drew 700 people, mainly union and student militants, CGT leader Philippe Martinez said: “We are neither tired nor resigned. Let President [François] Hollande and Prime Minister Valls hear this message well. We are here and now preparing for the end of vacations in September. Confronting this unjust and illegal law, we are not going to slacken: the struggle continues.”
(By law, every French worker gets at least 30 days of paid vacation and millions take four weeks in the period between the second week of July and the first week of September.)
Martinez thanked all the workers who lost a day’s pay every time they were protesting — were insulted, arrested, accused by the head of the big business association of being terrorists and threatened with having their protests prohibited under the state of emergency. (L’Humanité, July 9)
He ended his talk, saying, “A good way of starting our vacations would be skipping the tolls on the autoroutes.” (Force Ouvrière, July 8)
Jean-Claude Mailly, the head of the Force Ouvrière (FO) union confederation, was quoted in L’Humanité as saying: “My comrades, I’m asking you to welcome government ministers as they should be received when they make their vacation visits. This law must be the chewing gum that sticks to their shoes in the weeks and months to come.”
The so-called Socialist Party (PS), which is currently running the French state for the French bourgeoisie, has lost popular support. Polls show that its favorable ratings are in the low teens. The PS claimed it was calling off its summer mass meeting because of the threat of violence, but most French militants said the real reason was that nobody wanted to come. Someone, probably angry workers, replaced the “Parti Socialiste” signs on 30 of the PS’s local offices with “Pourris Salauds” (rotten pigs) during the night.
The workers of France, who are determined to enjoy their hard-earned vacations won by historic struggles, are equally determined to come back stronger to struggle in the fall. They intend to defeat the austerity that aims to make them work more to earn less, and to reject the job insecurity that their bourgeoisie and its European class allies — who are also competitors — intend to put on their backs.