Nov. 9 in Philadelphia: ‘Free Mumia Abu-Jamal’
Published Oct 1, 2010 7:58 PM
The nearly 29-year struggle to free political prisoner Mumia Abu-Jamal faces a
critical juncture with the announcement that the U.S. Court of Appeals for the
Third Circuit will review Abu-Jamal’s death sentence on Nov. 9. It is
imperative that all who stand for justice and against racism and state
repression pack the courtroom in Philadelphia.
In 2008 the Third Circuit Court granted Abu-Jamal a new sentencing hearing
based on flawed jury instructions in the sentencing phase of his 1982 trial.
However, on Jan. 19 of this year, the U.S. Supreme Court granted the
Philadelphia district attorney’s petition for a review of a 2001 ruling
by federal Judge William Yohn that overturned Abu-Jamal’s death penalty
but not his conviction.
The Supreme Court went against Yohn’s decision as well as the 2008 Third
Circuit ruling granting a new sentencing-phase jury trial to decide if Abu-Jamal’s death penalty was to be reinstated. In the week before the
Jan. 19 decision the Supreme Court ruled on Smith v. Spisak, a case that also
involved questionable instructions to the jury during the sentencing phase,
although the case differs from Abu-Jamal’s in both legal and political
Ruling in white supremacist’s case used against
Neo-Nazi and white supremacist Frank Spisak killed three people and then
bragged about it in court. Abu-Jamal, a former Black Panther organizer, was
convicted of killing Philadelphia police officer Daniel Faulkner on Dec. 9,
1981, but has always maintained his innocence. Several prosecution witnesses
from his 1982 trial have since recanted their testimony.
Spisak’s lawyers had appealed based on the 1988 Supreme Court ruling in
Mills v. Maryland, which addresses confusing jury instructions. The Sixth
Circuit Court of Appeals had overturned Spisak’s sentence based on Mills,
but the U.S. Supreme Court decided the standard did not apply in
It would appear that the Supreme Court, which had the district
attorney’s appeal of Yohn’s decision since 2001, was waiting for a
case like Spisak’s so they could justify their reversal in
Abu-Jamal’s case, even though the two cases and the two defendants differ
as night from day. Even though Abu-Jamal’s case met the Mills standard,
the Supreme Court refused to apply it, in what was clearly a decision motivated
by politics and not law.
Anti-Mumia film debuts
The announcement of the Nov. 9 hearing came on Sept. 21, the same day that a
Fraternal-Order-of-Police-promoted “docummercial” by Tigre Hill
titled “The Barrel of a Gun” premiered at the Merriam Theater in
Philadelphia. This film was originally scheduled to preview in February, but
Abu-Jamal supporters suspect it was purposely delayed to coincide with the
announcement of the Court of Appeals hearing.
The premise of Hill’s “The Barrel of a Gun” is based on an
argument first raised by Michael Smerconish and Maureen Faulkner in their 2007
book “Murdered by Mumia: A Life Sentence of Loss, Pain and
Injustice.” Smerconish, along with prosecutor Joseph McGill, raises the
baseless idea that the killing of Daniel Faulkner was the direct result of a
long-harbored hatred of the police on Abu-Jamal’s part and had maybe even
been a pre-planned “hit” engineered by Abu-Jamal and his brother
During the July 1982 sentencing phase of Abu-Jamal’s trial under
now-deceased Judge Albert F. Sabo, McGill introduced an article written by
Abu-Jamal in early 1970 when he was a 15-year-old member of the Black Panther
Party. In it Mumia referred to Mao Tse-Tung’s quote “Political
power grows out of the barrel of a gun” in reference to the behavior of
the Chicago police who had recently murdered party members Fred Hampton and
Mark Clark. These assassinations came on top of 28 murders of Black Panther
Party members by the police.
Just as McGill attempted to do during the sentencing phase before a nearly
all-white, predominantly middle-class jury, Hill uses a quote out of context
in the movie to attempt to portray Abu-Jamal as an “angry Black
man,” introducing his membership in the Black Panther Party to imply he
was “out to kill cops.” Yet Abu-Jamal had no record of violent
conduct prior meeting Faulkner that fateful night.
Hill’s film is so one-sided, so pro-police and pro-prosecution that it was
described by Philadelphia Inquirer columnist Annette John-Hall as “two
hours of overblown conclusions from disconnected dots.” John-Hall, who is
African-American as is Hill, wrote, “I’ve known Hill for more than
10 years ... but I left the screening of his movie shaking my head in
disbelief.” (Sept. 24)
In response to Hill’s portrayal of Abu-Jamal as a “premeditated
killer,” John-Hall notes, “A 1981 article in the Bulletin put
Abu-Jamal, then a cabdriver, at 13th and Locust with a flat tire” at the
time of Faulkner’s shooting.
Writing in PhillyMag’s “The Philly Post,” columnist Jason
Fagone describes Hill’s film as “deeply, viscerally bad.”
While admitting upfront that he personally believes Abu-Jamal did shoot
Faulkner, Fagone states, “[The movie] plays in many spots like a
propaganda film created expressly for a single small community —
Philadelphia law enforcement — and the tragedy of “The Barrel of a
Gun” is that it’s so confused and disingenuous that it’s
ultimately not even much good as propaganda.” (Sept. 22)
Photos show police mishandled ‘evidence’
Supporters of Abu-Jamal responded to Hill’s one-sided pro-FOP film just
as they did when Smerconish and Maureen Faulkner’s book was featured on
NBC’s Today Show with Matt Lauer in 2007 — by uncovering even more
factual evidence of Abu-Jamal’s innocence.
In December 2007, Journalists for Mumia provided an extensive press packet to
Lauer before his interview with Smerconish and Faulkner that contained photos
taken by press photographer Pedro P. Polakoff just after the Dec. 9, 1981,
shooting. The photos show mishandling, manipulation and misinterpretation of
the crime scene and seriously call into question “evidence”
presented by the prosecution at Abu-Jamal’s 1981 trial.
Lauer confronted his guests with these photos, including one showing a police
officer holding both Faulkner’s and Mumia’s guns in his ungloved
Hill makes no mention of the Polakoff photos in his movie, although he filmed
the Journalists for Mumia press conference on Dec. 4, 2007, which unveiled the
“newly discovered” crime scene photos, which the prosecution knew
of but ignored in 1981.
‘Justice on Trial’ premieres
Polokoff’s photos were featured prominently in Big Noise Films’
“Justice on Trial” that also premiered in Philadelphia on Sept. 21
during a press conference. This film was screened before a standing-room-only
crowd of more than 200 people at the National Constitution Center in the afternoon
and in the evening at the Ritz East. Polokoff is interviewed in the film.
The location of the first screening at the Constitution Center held special
significance for Abu-Jamal’s supporters, who believe his trial and
sentencing violated his constitutional rights and also represent injustices
suffered by many prisoners. The screening was attended by a number of young
people, including high school students from Latin Boys School.
“Justice on Trial” was directed by Kouross Esmaeli of Big Noise
Films and produced by Johanna Fernandez, a professor of U.S. history at Baruch
College and a leader of Educators for Mumia. Fernandez and Esmaeli introduced
the film and took questions at both screenings.
Their film examines all the civil rights and constitutional violations in this
case, including collaboration to conceal exculpatory evidence from the trial by
police, prosecutors and openly biased, pro-prosecution Judge Sabo.
Widespread police corruption, brutality
While Hill’s film fails to even mention widespread police corruption and
rampant police brutality against the Black community in Philadelphia that
existed before, during and long after the trial, “Justice on Trial”
looks at the case in that context. Fifteen of the police involved in
Abu-Jamal’s case were later tried on charges of abuse and corruption.
The film makes the point that just like Abu-Jamal, people of color in the U.S.
end up incarcerated every day because they are unable to afford adequate
representation in the courts.
The film also goes into depth on the activities of the Black Panther Party,
including their free breakfast, clothing and health-care programs in over 40
cities. It covers young Abu-Jamal’s beating at a 1968 demonstration
against George Wallace at the hands of Philadelphia police under the notorious
reign of then-Commissioner Frank Rizzo that led Mumia to join the
Mumia responds from death row
While Hill’s “Barrel” focuses solely on Maureen
Faulkner’s grief from the loss of her husband, “Justice on
Trial” makes the point that Abu-Jamal and his family have also had to
deal with emotional separation. Isolated on death row for over 28 years,
Abu-Jamal, a family-oriented man, has never been able to touch his
grandchildren nor attend his mother’s funeral.
Abu-Jamal, who was able to address the afternoon gathering by phone from his
cell on SCI Green’s death row, described himself as being
“surrounded by love” and dismissed Hill’s film: “As
soon as he took the dough, he was bought and paid for.”
For more information on “Justice on Trial,” go to BigNoiseFilms.org
or contact Educators for Mumia Abu-Jamal at emajonline.com.
Key prosecution ‘evidence’ debunked
That the prosecution knowingly withheld evidence should be ample grounds for a
new trial in Abu-Jamal’s case, as more examples of such violations
continue to surface.
Two witnesses central to the prosecution’s case for conviction and
imposition of the death penalty claimed they saw Abu-Jamal stand over Faulkner
and shoot downward four times, hitting him once between the eyes. The problem
is that the prosecution failed to account for the three missing shots, which at
point-blank range should have left divots in the concrete sidewalk near where
Faulkner’s body was found.
One of the photos taken by Polokoff, who arrived on the scene soon after the
shooting, showed a pool of blood on the sidewalk where Faulkner was shot.
Independent journalists Dave Lindorff and Linn Washington had the photo
reviewed by an analyst at NASA’s JetPropulsion Laboratory who concluded
that no divot marks were evident.
But Lindorff and Washinton took their investigation one step further. Lindorff
told Democracy Now’s Amy Goodman on Sept. 22: “We did a test on a
concrete slab. Linn fired a gun exactly like the one that was licensed to Mumia
and fired 18 inches above the concrete into the concrete, with the same bullets
that the police said were used in that gun. And it made very dramatic, bright,
chipped-out marks in the concrete. You couldn’t miss them even in the
dark. So where are those marks? If they’re not there, it’s clear
that those two witnesses were lying. And that means there was no
execution.” The story of their tests can be found at
Oct. 9: Oppose the death penalty
In a build-up for the critical Nov. 9 court hearing, activists will gather in
Philadelphia on Oct. 9 to observe the World Day Against the Death Penalty
— a call for 100 percent abolition of the death penalty.
A rally is scheduled to start at 9 a.m. at Broad and Spring Garden outside the
headquarters of the Fraternal Order of Police because of their long-term,
vicious commitment to executions, even in cases of innocence. A march will
follow at 10 a.m.
As the danger of reinstatement of the death sentence looms for Abu-Jamal,
several key members of U.S. anti-death penalty organizations recently made a
move to exclude his case from the movement to abolish the death penalty. They
argued that Abu-Jamal’s inclusion alienated potential law enforcement
supporters of the abolition movement.
But falling for the line that allying with the police or other representatives
of the repressive capitalist state’s apparatus does not serve the
anti-death penalty movement’s interests. Now is the time for even greater
solidarity among all those who oppose the death penalty, police brutality and
racism to demand justice for Mumia Abu-Jamal.
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